1962. B.A. (Zoology), University of California, Los Angeles
1970 Ph.D. (Zoology), University of California, Berkeley
[Population dynamics, ecosystem ecology, animal behavior, statistics, mathematical modeling, population genetics]
2005 to date, Adjunct Senior Fellow, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.
[Main project: EcoTipping Points – the analysis of environmental success stories to understand how human/environment systems can be turned from decline to restoration. Formulation and dissemination of EcoTipping Point principles and procedures. Collaboration with teachers, community organizations, and government agencies to apply EcoTipping Points to solving environmental problems. Development of the website: www.ecotippingpoints.org. Additional project: Dissemination and application of ecological methods for controlling disease-transmitting mosquitoes.]
1995 to 2005, Professor, School of Policy Studies, Kwansei Gakuin University, Sanda, Hyogo, Japan.
[Teaching human ecology core courses. Supervision of graduate students. Research on human/environment relations in Japan and other countries. Development of human ecology educational materials for community use and facilitation of community-based environmental management programs. Development and application of ecological methods for controlling disease-transmitting mosquitoes.]
1988-1990, National Academy of Sciences Senior Research Associate, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
1990-1995, Research Professor, Department of Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana.
1988-1995, Visiting Scientist, New Orleans Mosquito Control Board, New Orleans, Louisiana.
[Research on new methods for ecological management of mosquito breeding habitats and biological control of mosquito larvae. Development of mass production systems for new forms of biological control. Field testing cyplopoid copepods, larvicidal algae, and juvenile turtles for control of disease-transmitting mosquitoes in Louisiana. Pilot projects using cyclopoid copepods for biological control of the yellow fever/dengue mosquito (Aedes aegypti) in community-participation projects of the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Vietnam and Ministry of Public Health in Honduras. Supervision of graduate student research.]
1987-1988, Environmental Data Management Specialist, Mekong Secretariat, Bangkok, Thailand.
[Design and management of a computer data base and Geographic Information System on environment and natural resources, used for regional and project planning of land and water resource development in the Mekong River Basin (Thailand, Laos, Kampuchea, Vietnam).]
1979-1987, Research Associate, Environment and Policy Institute, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.
[Collaborative research on natural resources and the environment with scientists in the United States, Asia, and the Pacific. Main project: Collaborative research with the Southeast Asian Universities Agroecosystem Network on human interactions with tropical agroecosystems, including complex polyculture cropping systems, ecological knowledge in traditional agriculture, the relation between traditional intercropping and pest population dynamics, nutritional strategies for cropping system design, and linkages between agricultural research and agricultural development policy. Additional projects: International fisheries management and national maritime jurisdictions; Environmental implications of biomass energy development in Hawaii. Coordination of professional training workshops in human ecology. Taught graduate course in the University of Hawaii political science department on environment and policy. Supervised graduate students and served on thesis committees in University of Hawaii departments of agronomy and soils, botany, geography, public health, entomology, zoology, urban and regional planning, and political science.]
1976-1979, Senior Research Scientist, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones sobre Recursos Bióticos, Jalapa, Mexico.
[Head of ecological land use program. Interdisciplinary team project on land use planning in the Mexican highlands and tropics. Land classification and land-use suitability evaluation. Optimization models for planning allocation of land to different agricultural crops, as well as watershed use, in order to meet regional objectives for food production, income generation, and soil conservation. Interactive land management games for government officials to explore conflicting regional objectives. Taught university courses on mathematical modeling and statistical techniques in ecology. Supervision of student theses at the University of Vera Cruz.]
1973-1976, Fisheries Statistician, East African Freshwater Fisheries Research Organization, East African Community, Kisumu, Kenya.
[Analysis of fisheries catch records on Lake Victoria to evaluate the effects of different fishing gear and fishing intensities on the multi-species fishery of the Lake. Using optimization to apply mathematical fisheries models to management decisions. Development of new techniques for estimating parameters of fisheries population dynamics. Training African fisheries scientists in ecology and statistics.]
1970-1973, Assistant Professor, Institute of Animal Resource Ecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
[Systems ecologist, Canadian International Biological Program lake ecosystem study. Ecosystem modeling. Carbon cycling in lake sediment and energy budgets of sediment bacteria, protozoa, and aquatic invertebrates using radiotracer techniques. Mathematical models of predation and food chain dynamics with experimental analysis of food chains in laboratory microcosms. Supervision of graduate students.]
1966-1970, Research Officer, Canadian Forestry Service, Government of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
[Systems ecologist, Canadian International Biological Program forest ecosystem study. Measurement of forest productivity. Mineral and hydrologic cycles. Developed new statistical techniques for animal population estimation. Formulated an “optimal foraging” equation for predation as a function of multiple food abundances. Worked on national program coordination team to formulate forest research strategy for Canada.]
1962-1966, Research Assistant, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology; Teaching Assistant, Department of Zoology, University of California, Berkeley.
[Radiotelemetry and other electronic detection systems for censusing small mammal populations in the field and monitoring their activity. Teaching assistant for elementary zoology and graduate courses on ecological methods.]
1957-1962, Research Assistant, Department of Zoology, University of California, Los Angeles.
[Research on temperature regulation in reptiles. Developed new “remote sensing” methods for censusing small mammal populations in the field.]